The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Syria and the maritime parts of Asia Minor. Its use as a major agricultural product in preclassical Greece led to its wider distribution thoughout the western Mediterranean. Olive trees shows a marked preference for calcareous soils, flourishing best on limestone slopes and crags, and coastal climate conditions.
The Wild Olive is a small, straggly tree or shrub to 8-15 m tall with thorny branches. The leaves are opposite, oblong pointed, 4-10 cm long and 1-3 cm broad, dark greyish-green above and pale with whitish scales below. The fruit is a small drupe 1-2 cm long, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars.